Revelation In Space: Bible Data:

The Hebrew word translated as hare is arneveth, it is a gnawing animal of the Leporidae family and is closely related but larger than the rabbit. It differs from the rabbit in that its young are usually not born in an underground burrow, are fully furred, active and have open eyes at birth. The average length is about 2 ft (0.6 m) and of a grayish or brownish color. It has a divided lip, cocked tail, long ears, hind limbs and feet. They can attain a speed of as much as 43 mph (70 km/h)

The Law of Moses prohibited them as food, and referred to them as chewers of the cud. (Leviticus 11:4, 6; Deuteronomy 14:7) Though Hares and rabbits don't have a multichambered stomach and do not regurgitate their food for rechewing, characteristics associated with the scientific classification of ruminants or cud chewers, the Hebrew term used for chewing literally means "bringing up."

The modern scientific classification was not the basis of what the Israelites in Moses' day understood 'cud chewing' to be. The Imperial Bible-Dictionary: "It is obvious that the hare does in repose chew over and over the food which it has some time taken; and this action has always been popularly considered a chewing of the cud. Even our poet Cowper, a careful noticer of natural phenomena, who has recorded his observations on the three hares which he had domesticated, affirms that they 'chewed the cud all day till evening.'" - Edited by P. Fairbairn, London, 1874, Vol. I, p. 700.

Franois Bourliere (The Natural History of Mammals, 1964, p.41): - "The habit of 'refection,' or passing the food twice through the intestine instead of only once, seems to be a common phenomenon in the rabbits and hares. Domestic rabbits usually eat and swallow without chewing their night droppings, which form in the morning as much as half the total contents of the stomach. In the wild rabbit refection takes place twice daily, and the same habit is reported for the European hare .... It is believed that this habit provides the animals with large amounts of B vitamins produced by bacteria in the food within the large intestine." - Mammals of the World (by E.P. Walker, 1964, Vol. II, p. 647): "This may be similar to 'chewing the cud' in ruminant mammals."

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